NILM Pap test

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With incorporation of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing into screening guidelines for women aged 30 years or older, a population of patients exists who are HPV positive as well as negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) What does this Pap test diagnosis mean? Negative for Intraepithelial Lesion or Malignancy (NILM): The Pap test revealed no abnormal cell changes. All squamous and glandular cells seen have normal-appearing cellular material. Recommendations will vary depending on your individual risk factors

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21 - 24 PAP in 1 yr. If NILM, ASC, or LSIL, repeat PAP again in 1 yr. If 2nd repeat PAP is >ASC, then colpo. Return to routine screening after NILM x 2 >25 Colpo If pregnant, colpo now (preferred) or at least 6 weeks postpartum Referral Guideline The Pap (Papanicolaou) Test The Pap test is a procedure that collects cells from the cervix so that they can be looked at closely in the lab to find cancer and pre-cancer. How the Pap test is done The health care professional first places a speculum inside the vagina I got those results on a recent Pap test. 3 doctor answers • 4 doctors weighed in Hi i've made the pap smear test and i received the result as satisfactory for evaluation also, endocervical cells are present The Pap test (also called a Pap smear or cervical cytology) collects cervical cells and looks at them for changes caused by HPV that may—if left untreated—turn into cervical cancer. It can also detect cervical cancer cells. A Pap test also sometimes finds conditions that are not cancer, such as infection or inflammation

HSIL or cancer (HSIL+) Pap test, or of a negative biopsy and an HSIL or cancer Pap test re-interpreted as NILM (negative for intraepithial lesion or malignancy). • Laboratories should attempt to obtain correlation biopsy information for all patients with an HSIL or cancer Pap test A Pap test, often called a Pap smear, looks for abnormal cells that can lead to cancer in the cervix. An HPV test looks for the human papillomavirus, a virus that can cause cervical cancer. For an HPV/Pap cotest, an HPV test and a Pap test are done together PAP NILM parakeratoos / PAP NILM tähendab, et emakakaelas on normaalsed rakud, düsplaasiat ( rakumuutusi, mis võivad viia emakakeal vähini) ei ole. Lühidalt öeldes- analüüs on korras. Reeglina on nii, et kui PAP-test on korras, siis tagasi ei helistata PAP testiga avastatavad muutused ei ole alati vähimuutused.PAP test näitab ka põletikulist seisundit. Naistearsti poolt tehtud läbivaatuse kirjeldus on normaalne leid ja PAP test NILM tähendab, et emakakaelas pole düsplastilisi rakke Loe edasi. PAP testi vastus The Pap test (or Pap smear) looks for precancers, cell changes on the cervix that might become cervical cancer if they are not treated appropriately. The HPV test looks for the virus (human papillomavirus) that can cause these cell changes. The Pap test is recommended for all women between the ages of 21 and 65 years old

Immunocompetent women who are NILM and HPV DNA test negative may not need to return for another Pap test for 5 years, whereas those who are NILM and HPV DNA test positive are recommended by the guidelines to either undergo repeat cotesting in 1 year or to have HPV DNA genotyping to ascertain whether their high-risk HPV infection is positive for viral types 16/18 This is a little quiz to test your gynecologic cytopathology knowledge! 1. Diagnosis? NILM. NILM endocervical cells. NILM endometrial cells. NILM reactive. NILM herpes If the Pap test shows a minor abnormality, the physician may repeat the test in 3 months or longer to determine whether additional follow-up is needed. Many times, minor cell changes go away without treatment. If follow up testing finds abnormal cells that have a high chance of becoming cancerous, further treatment is needed A Pap smear, also called a Pap test, is a test used to detect abnormal cells on the cervix that are cancerous or may become cancerous. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. A Pap smear is conducted by taking a sample of cells from the surface of the cervix during a pelvic exam using a swab or small brush

NILM. A Pap test finding that means no cancer cells or other abnormal cells have been found on the surface of or in the tissue that lines the cervix. Cell changes that suggest inflammation or infection may be included in this finding. Also called negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy, negative Pap test result, and normal Pap test. A Pap test involves a healthcare provider swabbing some cells from a woman's cervix and sending them in a special liquid to a lab for testing. The cells are evaluated for changes that could (but probably won't) lead to cancer Background: The Pap smear has remained the foundation for cervical cancer screening for over 70 years. With advancements in molecular diagnostics, primary high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) screening has recently become an accepted stand-alone or co-test with conventional cytology. However, both diagnostic tests have distinct limitations

A. Findings of the liquid-based Pap test include: SATISFACTORY or UNSATISFACTORY for evaluation 1. Negative for intraepithelial neoplasia or malignancy (NILM); 2. NILM but EC/TZ Absent 3. Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) 4. Atypical squamous cells, cannot rule out HSIL (ASC-H); 5. Low-grade squamous intraepithelial. A Papanicolaou (Pap) test is a screening test for use in an asymptomatic population with no apparent signs of neoplasia. If the woman is symptomatic she should be investigated regardless of age. See 'Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Pre-Menopausal Women' https://sogc.org/clinical NILM stands for Negative for Intraepithelial Lesion or Malignancy. NILM is defined as Negative for Intraepithelial Lesion or Malignancy very rarely. Cervical Cancer Prevention and Early Detection » The Pap (Papanicolaou) test. Share this Page; Negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy... Negative for intraepithelial lesion or. A Pap smear, also called a Pap test, involves collecting cells from the vagina and cervix —the lower, narrow end of the uterus that's at the top of the vagina. The Pap smear is usually done in conjunction with a pelvic exam. An HPV test is a test for high risk strains of HPV (cancer-causing strains) that can be done at the same time as a Pap.

Negative for Intraepithelial Lesion or Malignancy (NILM): The Pap test revealed no abnormal cell changes. All squamous and glandular cells seen have normal-appearing cellular material. Recommendations will vary depending on your individual risk factors The round- to oval-shaped cell is 318-706 µm in size. The dense homogenous basophilic cytoplasm encloses a 50 µm nucleus. The nuclear detail reveals a finely granular chromatin. Parabasals are an uncommon finding on Pap smears of women with estrogen production or replacement hormone. These cells are often seen in patients who lack estrogen. Cervical cancer screening may include Pap tests, testing for a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV), or both. In both tests, cells are taken from the cervix and sent to a lab for testing: A Pap test looks for abnormal cells. An HPV test looks for infection with the types of HPV that are linked to cervical cancer PAP Test eshte ekzaminimi mikroskopik i qelizave te marra nga cerviksi (qafa e mitrës) dhe/ose vagina per te pare ndryshimet e tyre (parakanceroze, kanceroze). Njihet gjithashtu si, testi Papanicolaou ose citologjia cervikale/vaginale. PAP Test eshte perdorur per here te pare si metode ekzaminimi nga Georgios Papanikolaou

NILM Pap slides from women 30 years of age and older with

  1. The Papanicolaou test (abbreviated as Pap test, also known as Pap smear (AE), cervical smear (BE), cervical screening (BE), or smear test (BE)) is a method of cervical screening used to detect potentially precancerous and cancerous processes in the cervix (opening of the uterus or womb) or colon (in both men and women)
  2. If it is still present on the repeat Pap smear, your doctor may want to repeat the test in another six months or perform colposcopy. Read the full article. Get immediate access, anytime, anywhere
  3. HPV test: The human papillomavirus (HPV) test detects the presence of human papillomavirus, a virus that can lead to the development of genital warts, abnormal cervical cells or cervical cancer
  4. At least 1 Pap test (5 ThinPrep®, 11 SurePath®, and 1 direct smear) was available for 14 patients. Original LBC Pap test diagnoses were negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) (7), adenocarcinoma/carcinoma (6), atypical glandular cells (2), and adenocarcinoma in situ (1). Review detected abnormal glandular cells in 6/7 NILM.
  5. d that all the samples comprised in the Research Sample Biobank represent only a small number of the clinical research specimens available through our Discovery Partners™ clinical research programs
  6. Here are some Pap test results and what they mean. Negative for intraepithelial lesions and malignancy (NILM) A negative Pap smear means the pathologist found no abnormal changes to your cervical cells. Atypical Squamous Cells, can't rule out high grade abnormalities (ASC-H
Pap Smear

What does NILM mean on a Pap smear? - FindAnyAnswer


Papanicolaou (Pap) testing involves taking a sample of cells from the cervix using a soft brush or swab to check for abnormalities. Pap tests can have several different results: 1. Negative for Intraepithelial Lesion or Malignancy (NILM): This means your Pap test was normal. 2 The Pap test results were negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) in 16 patients, atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) in 8 patients, and atypical squamous cells cannot exclude high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H) in 1 patient

In cases with ASC-US Pap test results, the cobas HPV assay showed a higher HPV-positivity rate (53%, 18 of 34) than did the Cervista HPV HR assay (44%, 15 of 34), but in cases with NILM Pap test results, the cobas HPV assay had a lower HPV+ rate (19%, 13 of 67) than did the Cervista HPV HR assay (25%, 17 of 67) The results of the Pap test review and who reviewed it 6 38% A statement summarizing any additional measures taken on the biopsy to resolve the discrepancy, eg, additional levels, re-orientation in the block, second pathologist review 8 50% Other, please specify 2 12% 16. In your opinion, when a Pap test is negative/ NILM and the biopsy is HSIL. Most laboratories (59.4%; 396 of 667) had not incorporated HPV test/genotyping results to select NILM Pap tests for rescreening. Amongst the remaining laboratories, for NILM HPV-positive Pap test results, 112 (16.8%) had a policy to rescreen by a cytotechnologist only, 51 (7.6%) by a pathologist only, and 86 (12.9%) by both NILM. NILM (frotiu negativ pentru leziuni intraepiteliale sau maligne) este un rezultat care apare la testul Papanicolau. În cazul în care acest rezultat este pozitiv, înseamnă că există o probabilitate mare de anomalii ale celulelor colului uterin. Interpretare rezultate Papanicolau. » Secțiunea: Forum medical

PAP, Papanicolaou; LBC, liquid-based cytology; NILM, negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy Table 2 shows the comparison of LBC and PAP smears in terms of individual diagnoses. Among infectious/reactive conditions, bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis, and radiation changes were noted in 2.1%, 4.5%, and 0.2% cases, respectively ASCUS/LSIL/NILM CIN1 or less 1) Repeat Pap and HPV co-test in 1 year if anything is abnormal re-colpo. 2) Repeat this cycle annually until co-test is negative, then co-test q3 years for at least 10 years (even if >65) as their risk remains too high for a 5 year return HSIL, ASC-H, AGC CIN 1 or les

Oncogenic HPV types were identified in 4 (13%) of 30 NILM Pap tests, 27 (90%) of 30 Pap tests with LSIL, and 37 (95%) of 39 Pap tests with HSIL. Given that HPV-16 is the most common oncogenic type and is present in approximately 50% of cervical cancers, we further stratified Pap test samples into those that were positive for HPV-16 The Pap test is a cervical cancer prevention test that tracks preneoplastic changes in cervical epithelial cells. Carrying out this exam is important in that early detection. NILM class to be. positive HR HPV test was associated with a NILM pap. iv. All cancers were in woman 30 or older. While co-testing with cytology and a high-risk HPV test is recommended for women 30-65, the same recommendation is not made for women ages 25-29. The guidelines from ACOG, USPSTF, ASCP, ASCCP, and ACS for women 25-29, recommend cytolog When an older woman's Pap test reveals this result, it may more worrisome, and she will definitely require closer monitoring after the initial colposcopy. HGSIL. HGSIL indicates a high-grade intraepithelial lesion. This is more concerning because, in this case, the HPV virus is probably causing moderate to severe changes in the cervix Results.—Most Papanicolaou test results (>90%) with a specific reference interpretation of atrophic vaginitis were categorized as negative. Cytotechnologists are more likely than pathologists are to label it negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) and are equally likely to mistake it for a high-grade lesion

Pap smear - A smear On Atypical Cells From The Cervical Channel. A cytology smear (syn: cytological smear, cytological analysis, cervical smear, oncocytology smear, Pap smear, Pap test) is completely safe, which allows you to assess the state of the cervical tissue. This analysis reveals atypical (abnormal) cells that may indicate the. with a current Pap test that shows a high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) or carcinoma (HSILþ). All available NILM Pap tests from this time period in the laboratory (either on-site or in storage) must be reviewed. If a significant discrepancy is found that will impact current patient care, the clinician must be notified and an. up on your high-risk HPV-positive test result.5 Option 1) Repeat Pap and HPV tests in 12 months. If the results of both tests are negative (normal), then you may go back to routine cervical cancer screening. If either the repeat Pap test or HPV test is positive (abnormal), your doctor may want to take an up-close look at your vagina and cervi Va scrisesem aici ca am efectuat testul pap pe 24 Mai, a 13-a zi de CM, rezultatul a fost ascus (primul test modificat, cel anterior efectuat in Ian 2020 a fost nilm cu modificari reactive asociate cu inflamatia efectuat la 9 luni post nastere naturala, iar cele din anii anterior cu acelasi rezultat ca penultimul test din 2020) Approximate Synonyms. Cervical high risk human papilloma virus dna test positive; High risk human papillomavirus test positive on cervical smear; ICD-10-CM R87.810 is grouped within Diagnostic Related Group(s) (MS-DRG v 38.0):. 742 Uterine and adnexa procedures for non-malignancy with cc/mcc; 743 Uterine and adnexa procedures for non-malignancy without cc/mcc; 760 Menstrual and other female.

The good news is that we can actually prevent people from getting cancer because these cellular changes happen over several years. With a Pap test, we can treat abnormal cells before they progress to cancer, says Jenell Coleman, M.D., M.P.H., medical director of the Women's Health Center, Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center and co-director of the Johns Hopkins Colposcopy Clinic The management of atypical, or malignant endometrial cells in a Pap test is obvious; immediate tissue sampling in the form of biopsy or curettage. However, what is the relevance of normal endometrial cells (NEMCs) in a premenopausal patient? NEMCs are routinely seen on Pap tests, particularly when related to menstrual cycle phase; these may be seen [ 4.6 Follow Pap test process/protocols described in the ACCSP Cervical Cancer Screening Learning Module for Registered Nurses and/or other practice setting approved resources (e.g. Blue Book). 4.7 Obtain the cytology sample according to the Pap test collection guidelines and recommendations in the TOP guideline Reactive Pap Results - The End Of An Era. September 21, 2011. By Felix Martinez Jr, M.D. For many years, Incyte Diagnostics has reported reactive cytologic changes or benign cellular changes for cells in a Pap smear having enlarged, non-dysplastic nuclei

Pap test unsatisfactory Abnormal HPV testing but normal Pap testing ; Abnormal HPV testing without Pap test ; Abnormal Pap results; Atypical squamous cells abnormality on visualization or palpation of the cervix, abnormal or postmenopausal bleeding, abnormal discharge, patients with abnormal screening and subsequent testing results are discussed in detail elsewhere: Cervical. Pap Smear with Cytology Negative for Intraepithelial Lesion or Malignancy (NILM) but Endocervical Transition Zone (EC/TZ) Absent or Insufficient in Women 30 Years and Over pap smear calculators. main pap smear page

Pap Test as Benchmark: Similar Management for Similar Risk Immediate colposcopy 6-12 month return 3-year return 5-year return ASC-H AGC I-SIL ASC-US NILM Cytology result H pv+/HsiL H /AGC Hpv-/HSlL Hpv+/ASC-H HPV-/ASC-H H p V-/AGC Hpv+/ASC-US Hpv+/LSlL HpV-/LSlL HPV-/ASC-US Hpv-/NlLM Co-testing result . Management option results. Management of negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) cytology results with absent endocervical cells/transformation zone depends on the age of the patient and whether or not a concurrent HPV test was done (Figure 2). If the patient is 21-29 years old, routine age-based screenings should continue Abnormal Pap Smear Follow-up. Tuesday, November 20, 2018 - 08:00 am. Prevention & Screening. Each year, over 50 million Pap tests are performed in the United States to screen for cervical cancer. During this simple test, a small sample of cells are scraped from the cervix and examined under a microscope to look for precancerous changes Papanikolau test, PAP test PAPA test, (engl. Papanicolaou stain), je jednostavna i bezbolna metoda ispitivanja ćelija u uzetom materijalu, sa prednje i zadnje usne i kanala grlića materice.Od uzetog uzorka se pravi citološki razmaz koji se fiksira na mikroskooj pločici i boji po metodi Papanikolau

The Pap (Papanicolaou) Test - American Cancer Societ

• If a Pap test is satisfactory and negative but obscured/partially obscured by inflammation, repeat Pap test in 6 months. If 2. nd. Pap is abnormal, refer for colposcopy. • If the Pap test is unsatisfactory, repeat Pap test in 2-4 months. If the 2. nd. Pap is unsatisfactory or abnormal, refer for colposcopy. NOTE: if 2. nd. Pap test is. Novosti. Značaj i značenje rezultata pap testa. 20.05.2018. Postoje određeni testovi koji se moraju obaviti pri poseti ginekologu, čak iako je u pitanju rutinski ginekološki pregled. Jedan od takvih testova je upravo Papanikolau test (skraćeno, PAPA test, PAP test). Papanikolau (PAPA) test je jednostavna i potpuno bezbolna procedura i. A leading blood test laboratory of India, Dr Lal PathLabs now makes it easy and convenient for patients to check their lab test results online with just a couple of clicks 9102-5 ThinPrep Pap +HPV (Run on any diagnosis) 1962-0 ThinPrep Pap Test 3852-1 Chlamydia 9235-3 ThinPrep Pap +HPV +Chlamydia+Gonorrhea 0304-6 HPV (High/Low Risk) 3853-9 Gonorrhea PAP Classification (check one): NILM ASC-US AGC AIS LSIL HSIL Comments: ASC-US - Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance. HSIL - High-grade squamous.

What doe nil mean on a pap test result? Answers from

un test PAP si un test HPV - in termeni medicali, este vorba despre co-testare; daca ambele rezultate sunt normale, atunci ti se poate indica repetarea screening-ului o data la cinci ani; Daca ai peste 65 de ani: daca rezultatele testelor sunt normale trei ani la rand, de exemplu, medicul iti poate spune ca nu mai este nevoie de testare Most nuclear enlargement in Pap tests is due to reactive change, and reactive changes and LSIL must be excluded by the pathologist when an ASC-US diagnosis is provided. At InCyte Pathology, our ASC-US rate is 3.7%. ASC-US results initiate reflex HPV testing, with positive HR HPV test results prompting colposcopic examination For more information on Pap smears or endometrial cancer, contact Cancer Treatment Centers of America at (844) 632-7188. With 25+ years of experience, and board certified in gynecologic oncology and OB/GYN, Dr. Schink is dedicated to caring for patients and advancing treatments for gynecologic malignancies If your patient receives PAP results that read Cytology NILM but EC/TZ Absent/Insufficient, what should you do if your patient is 40 years old with an unknown hx of HPV? As an NP you can do only the HPV testing or repeat the cytology at three years

Understanding HPV and Pap Test Results - National Cancer

パップテスト(ぱっぷてすと、Pap test 、Pap smear test)とは、子宮頸癌を発見するために使われる細胞診検査。 子宮頸部細胞診(しきゅうけいぶさいぼうしん)。子宮頸癌は子宮頸部に発生するため、子宮頸部の細胞を擦り採って、細胞診検体(パップスメア)を作製し、顕微鏡検査を行う Pap smear. Cells are scarped from the cervix and examined under a microscope to check for disease or other problems. Cervix viewed through patient in lithotomy position. Frequency of Screening. All women who have reached 21 years old. >65 yo evidence of neg, no further screening Among inflammatory smears and 37 cases were of NILM the PAP negative cases, CAP-PAP was negative in all smears. the 37 NILM cases, but of the 38 inflammatory cases, Comparison of CAP-PAP and PAP Results: Similar CAP-PAP was negative in 30 but was positive in 8 to Niranjan et al4 our study also showed considerable cases as shown in Table 3 Abnormal Pap test results include: ASCUS ~ Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance. This diagnosis means that some of the cells on your Pap smear did not look entirely normal but did not meet diagnostic criteria for a lesion. Your doctor may either repeat your Pap smear, or perform a colposcopy. The lab may test your Pap smear.

Quiz:Pap test 2 - Libre Pathology

New ACS Cervical Cancer Screening Guideline - National

Regardless of the cervical cancer screening (CCS) approach used, effective triage tests are needed to improve diagnostic evaluation. An ideal screening and triage approach should identify as many precancerous lesions as possible while referring as few women as possible to colposcopy. Learn how to maximize the diagnostic accuracy of CCS triage by including p16/Ki-67 dual-staining cytology in. The test has been modified and validated for use in SurePath™ specimens. 1. 2. HPV types 16 and/or 18 that were Not Detected were undetectable or below the pre-set threshold. The non-repeat rate for HPV genotyping assays varies from 5 to 15%. In the NILM cytology category, there is a low positive predictive valu La PAP a iesit nilm CL II, in, secretie gardnerela si cocobacili.La tel. i-am spus dnei dr rezultatul si a zis e bine, n-ai nimic, probabil era in reparatie ce am vazut. Si mi-a confirmat ca pot face cura cu cervugid. Acum, e sau nu ceva serios? O sa ma duc peste cateva luni sa repet analizele. Dar pe ce sa ma bazez, pe colposcopie sau PAP

PAP test Naistehaigused Arsti nõuanded Küsi nõu

Translation: The cervical cells of the pap test are normal, but you're positive for high-risk HPV (human papillomavirus, the virus that can cause cervical cancer). How is it possible to have a normal result and be diagnosed with a virus at the same time? Actually, it is possible to be infected with HPV for many years without the virus causing any damage to the cervix Pap-testi jaoks kogutakse emakakaelalt epiteelirakke, mida uuritakse mikroskoobi all võimalike vähile omaste või eelsete muutuste suhtes. Rakuleid võib olla normipärane ehk intraepiteliaalset lesiooni ega pahaloomulisi muutuseid ei esine (vastus: ing k negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy , lüh NILM) või siis on muutunud. The Pap test, also called a Pap smear was introduced as a screening test for cervical cancer in 1943 by Dr. George Papanicolaou, for whom the test is named. The Pap test involves taking cells from the cervix, which is located at the top of the vagina, using a small brush or other tool. The sample is sent to a laboratory where it is examined. HPV testing can be performed on the same swab as used for the Pap test or a separate supplied swab; reflex testing of residual material of a liquid-based cytology specimen is another option. HPV testing for 16 and 18 is also used to triage discordant test results (i.e., in the case of a negative Pap test and positive HPV test)

PAP testi tulemused Naistehaigused Arsti nõuanded

Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) with its virulence factors is the most prevalent cause of urinary tract infection (UTI).This study aimed to determine the occurrence of fim, pap, sfa, and afa genes among 100 UPEC isolates collected from patients diagnosed with UTI.A total of 100 UPEC isolates were obtained from urine samples of patients with UTI We analyzed the sample of women who had NILM at first Pap test and had at least one followed up cytology result for time to detection of any ECA at subsequent follow-up Pap. The observation period was from 3 Janu-ary 2006 through 31 December 2016. We determined follow-up time in years from date of first NILM to th A repeat Pap test in 12 months is now the recommended management for women with a satisfactory Pap either (1) lacking EC/TZ component or (2) exhibiting partially obscuring factors: excess blood, etc. This approach is a reasonable compromise in light of the conflicting data regarding the significance of an EC/TZ component cited above and the.

HPV test may be better than Pap test for cervical cancerDelay in replacing the Pap smear with HPV screening is

Knowledge of a positive HPV result decreased the frequency of NILM designation (43.1% without knowledge of the HPV status versus 31.3% with knowledge of positive HPV status) and increased the frequency of all ECA categories (56.9% versus 68.7%) (P < .001 for both) (Table 2). The Pap test is a subjective screening test; although there are. Abnormal Pap Smear: What an LSIL Result Might Mean for You. With an abnormal Pap test, your first instinct is to panic. But is a low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) something to fret. recommend HPV and Pap co‐ testing • Spring 2012 -ACS, ASCCP, ASCP recommend co‐testing for screening women age 30‐65 • March 2013 -Management guidelines devised for every abnormal co‐ test and biopsy • April 2014 -FDA approves one assay for primary HPV testing for women ≥ 2